Definition of Will
Typically human capacity by which something is done or not
The will is one of the psychological traits of human beings, which will largely agree to determine their actions, not only knowing them but also intentionally heading towards the end that each one intends . Basically it is the faculty that people have to do or not do something.
An act will be considered voluntary when exercised without any coercion, and its consequences can be clearly understood.
Without the presence of the will, individuals would be unable to do what we really need and much less could we achieve what we planned .
Association with freedom
We must also say that the human will is closely linked to freedom because what is chosen by personal decision will not be bound by an external stimulus. A young man who decides not to attend university anymore because he did not agree with the proposal of the study program will be acting of his own will, and of course he will assert the freedom he has as an adult individual to choose what serves him and what no. Meanwhile, if the decision to leave the race is not of your own will and decision but is influenced by the pressure of your family to study another career, then, here yes not only there will be no freedom but also someone will be coercing and not respecting his decision.
Phases of the voluntary act
The voluntary act consists of three moments: conscious deliberation of the reasons that lead it to action, decision to implement the act in question, execution and the assumption of responsibilities.
The look of philosophy
In addition, the will has been and is one of the concepts most debated by Philosophy , for example, the Aristotelian-Thomistic philosophy assumes that it is a faculty of the soul, on the other hand, psychology considers it as a mental capacity that they hold humans. But this is not exhausted here, since Shopenhauer referred to the will to live in which individuals find their motivations in the fact of sustaining and developing their own existences. Nietzche, on the other hand, spoke of the will to power, as the force that drives life to expand and dominate other wills, leading to the motor of the universe.
Right: legal ability to dispose of something
On the other hand, in the field of law , the will is the legal aptitude to want to dispose of something and turns out to be one of the basic requirements for the existence of legal acts . The vices of the will in this sense are those that make void the acts achieved lawfully, such as contracts.
Effort and courage, good predisposition and dedication to achieve a goal
Another use of the term is to refer to effort and courage.
Also, when a person has a good predisposition and dedication when it comes to achieving an end or objective, they talk about the very good will they have. And if on the contrary, it lacks effort, there is talk of little will or ablation.
On the other hand it is common that we find in our >expression willpower , which is popularly used to indicate the ability of a person to overcome that desire that can generate a harmful consequence in their existence, or also to some unexpected misfortune
With an example we will see better, a person addicted to tobacco and who smokes several packages per day, decides from one day to the next to quit smoking and gets it. That will be called willpower, there was no treatment, nor the use of any drug to do so, but the force and the desire to do so prevailed.
Of course, willpower is widely valued by the social collective because it almost always involves difficult, arduous issues that can be overcome with personal effort.
And we also use the concept a lot as a synonym for mandate or order that someone gives or leaves to be fulfilled. "Maria decided to fulfill her father's will and sell the company's shares." "Mom respected my will and then did not insist on celebrating my birthday."