Definition of Verse
In general terms, the word or the set of these lines that are subject to a measure and a rhythm or only to the latter is designated with the verse term .
But also the literary work that meets these rules mentioned above will be denominated with the word verse .
Meanwhile, in addition, with the aim of marking the contrast and differentiating the verse from what prose is, with the word verse the literary genre in which the type of works that respect and fulfill the aforementioned characteristics is inscribed is called .
Likewise, the verse turns out to be a literary form that has been developing since ancient times and the amount of verses that have been written in different cultures has always been magnificent, always turning them around a specific literary resource . For example, the Hebrews composed the verses based on the criteria of semantic parallelism, but, in medieval times, the Germanic peoples used the mode of alteration of at least three words for each verse.
Classical Greco-Latin poetry , on the other hand, was characterized by the repetition of certain sequences of long and short syllables. And classical European poetry emphasized rhyme and accentual rhythm.
Specifically, we could place the creation of the verse in the golden age of classical Greek compositions, although here the verse was not yet rhymed, but consisted of the repetition of a certain sequence of long or short syllables and the accentual compass. Meanwhile, the rhymed verse, as we know it today has its origin in the Italian peninsula at the behest of the Middle Ages.
For those who firmly hold that poetry is between music and prose, the verse is a prose provided with some of the many elements that make up music, because every song with lyrics must be composed in verse key to be able to adapt later to instrumental music. Then, once clarified this point, the tempo, the beat, the rhythm and the melody , are the elements that the verse takes from the music.
Thus, the tempo will be determined by the enunciation speed marked by the fixed number of syllables of the recitation, the rhythm, on the other hand, by the placement of the accents, the compass through the alternation of the different types of verses and stanzas and the melody by the systematic repetition of a chorus or rhyme.
On the other hand, we can find a great variety of structures in the verse, including: rhymed verse or rhyme or white or loose verse, that without rhyme, but with a fixed number of syllables and concrete accents. Or the free verse, which is one that has no rhyme or a preset number of syllables.