Impersonal Verbs - Definition, Concept and What is
As the same name implies, impersonal verbs are those that have no person, that is, they do not incorporate a personal pronoun and therefore do not have a subject . The impersonal verbs, also called defective, are the verbs called meteorological (for example, verbal forms such as it is raining or snowing), the verb having its third-person form of the singular (there will be, there was or there is) and also when it is used He is impersonal (it is said or spoken).
Illustrative examples of sentences with impersonal verbs
If I affirm "in the rainforest it rains a lot" we can see that we have information about the place where the action occurs (the rainforest) and about the amount of rain (a lot), but no subject appears, since nobody performs the action. In this case, we would be talking about a sentence with the impersonal verb raining.
By saying "there are many t-shirts in the closet", it can be seen that there is a direct complement (many t-shirts), but neither is there a subject, since we are using the verb to have, which is impersonal. In this sense, it should be remembered that it would not be correct to say that "there were many shirts in the closet", since there must always be in the singular, regardless of whether the direct complement is in the singular or plural.
In the sentence "it dawns very early", we find an impersonal prayer because the verb dawn refers to a phenomenon of nature and, consequently, there is no subject to accompany it.
Impersonal communication versus personal communication
When we communicate we can talk in an impersonal way. Thus, if I say "it made no sense" or "that makes things look negatively" we are communicating impersonally and in this way the speaker is not emotionally involved in the message . If we want to transmit our own connection with our ideas we will be faced with a circumstance of personal communication . In this sense it is very different to say "I think you are wrong" or to say "you are considered to be wrong".
The classification of sentences according to the type of subject
Depending on the type of subject there are the aforementioned impersonal sentences and, on the other hand, personal prayers. It is understood by personal prayer that which has a subject, which can be an explicit subject in the sentence (I am hungry or Juan drinks milk) or an implicit subject (also called an elliptical subject) as would be the case with the following sentences: I will bring later or we will go to the cinema (in the first sentence the implicit subject is me and in the second sentence it is us).
It should be noted that in some cases we know the subject of the sentence by its context, such as in the compound sentence "She will pick you up tomorrow, it was red, right?" The verbal form was refers to the suitcase, which acts as an implicit subject.
In some sentences the subject is not a name or pronoun, but a collective subject is used (for example, in the sentence "a crowd went to the party", a crowd has the function of a subject).
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