Definition of Mozarabic
At the beginning of the Vlll century the Arabs from the Umayyad Caliphate occupied much of the territory of the Iberian Peninsula, until then dominated by the Visigoth kingdoms. Muslim rule remained until 1492. Throughout this period a new social order was created. At that time, there were Muslims, Christians and Jews, but also other groups, such as the Muladi or the Mozarabic.
The muladí population was formed by those who were originally Christians and eventually converted to Islam and the Mozarabs were the Christians who maintained their faith in Muslim territories.
The Christians of Al-Andalus
In the Iberian Peninsula there were Muslim territories and Christian territories. In the latter a part of the population used the Arabic Analyze that in the Quran it is stated that religion should not be imposed and, for this reason, Christians and Jews were respected. Thus, they could practice their religion as long as they didn't do any proselytizing. We could say that there was a kind of social pact: non-Muslims had freedom of worship and could organize legally, but they had to respect Muslim civil and military authority .
Although non-Muslims had a certain freedom, they had to pay a special tax, yizia (this tax was paid by the so-called "people of the Book", that is, those who do not practice the religion of Islam).
A paradoxical situation
The Mozarabic people of medieval Spain were a curious collective: they were Christians, but at the same time they adopted some customs of Islam (they did not eat pork, practiced circumcision and spoke Arabic). This community was creating its own culture, especially in cities such as Córdoba, Seville, Granada and Toledo.
Fotolia Photos: Kavalenkava / Kapona