Definition of Vignette
The box in which a drawing appears where a story is told is known as a vignette. Thus, the vignette is a graphic narrative format in which two elements are combined: the representation of a drawing and an explanatory text . The person who performs this type of creations is known as a cartoonist, but other terms are also used, such as graphic artist, cartoonist or illustrator.
As for the origin of the term, it must be placed in the Middle Ages in France. At that time, the copyists and Amanuenses decorated some sections of the books with drawings in which clusters and vines appeared and this ornamental element was known with the word vignette, which means vignette.
The stories that are told in this format present two possibilities
1) a cartoonist who at the same time is the narrator of a story and
2) a cartoonist and a narrator separately who perform a joint creative work.
In graphic humorism
In most newspapers there is at least one section dedicated to graphic humor. The creator presents in a vignette a small story related to the present. As for its content, it doesn't have to be necessarily humorous, but normally there is an element of irony and social criticism. It is a format aimed at the adult public and with the intention of offering an atypical view of reality.
Cartoons of the graphic humor of newspapers may have other approaches. Thus, some of them are aimed at children, others have a spicy content or are related to sports . Regardless of their theme, journalistic cartoons can be presented in a single illustration or also in several and in the latter case they are called comic strips.
In the comic culture
The comic has two historical backgrounds. In ancient times there were illustrations that told a little story, the Egyptian hieroglyphs. In the medieval world there is also another precedent, medieval altarpieces. Both one and the other can be understood as the first bullet points.
From the 15th century the tradition of the written press began, in which drawings began to be incorporated in which stories about reality were told. In the twentieth century, a new publication, the comic, emerged in Europe and America. The term that was initially used was that of comic strip and over time they became a mass phenomenon.
In their origins, these publications were aimed at children and young people and stories of superheroes were approached, but little by little publications were appearing for all audiences and with diverse themes ( political , social, erotic, etc.). Although the contents of the comic can be analyzed from all kinds of perspectives, there is one element that has remained, the use of the vignette.
Photos: Fotolia - Ratoca / macrovector