Definition of Sadness
The term sadness is used to designate one of the most typical and basic feelings or emotions that human beings usually feel, consisting of a mood with a high negative content in which the person who suffers feels dejected, wanting to constantly crying and very low self-esteem , that is, he does not feel either pretty, intelligent or prepared to do anything important for his life.
Mood emotion that is characterized by a feeling of grief, affliction and anguish because of the succession of an unfortunate or painful event
Meanwhile, sadness, which can also be experienced in some sense by animals, is generated by different types of situations, and normally the way in which each individual is affected by each situation is very particular: while a situation can generate great feeling of sadness in someone, may not have the same effect on another person.
On the other hand, there are individuals with a natural inclination towards joy , optimism and extroversion, while on the contrary there are pessimists, and this will of course affect the impact and duration of sadness; Now, even the happiest will feel sadness at some failure or loss because it would obviously be abnormal if it were not so.
This type of emotion so common is usually motivated by the worries that sometimes all of our lives have reserved, without exceptions, and that will take away our joy for a short or long period of time, depending on the type of situation that affects, a disease , the death of a loved one, loss of work, postponement in an exam, a fight with someone in the family or a friend, among other possibilities.
Main manifestations of sadness
Sadness is normally expressed through facial gestures in which the face takes on a more fallen expression , with a clear lack of energy. Crying is also one of the most characteristic elements of sadness as it arises as an almost instantaneous reaction to a situation of loss, pain or dissatisfaction. Other ways in which a person demonstrates his sadness are reluctance, that is, the lack of initiative to face that reality that makes him sad, lack of appetite, worry, anguish, stress, etc.
Although sadness does not tend to generate physical sensations of acceleration such as tachycardia, it can cause the person to lose all interest in what is going on around them.
Sadness is a state of mind and just as happiness can be momentary or sporadic according to the type of situations that are experienced. Usually, sadness appears when certain types of circumstances occur but, depending on each case, the person can eventually recover and move on with his life.
Difference between sadness and depression
It is logical, normal, and of human beings not to be happy all the time and to present some moments and days in which we feel sadder due to certain circumstances.
In those cases in which the person enters a circle of chronic sadness and reluctance we must speak instead of sadness of a depressive state that implies greater severity and that as such should be treated quickly by a medical professional so that the person can overcome it and recuperate.
As we know, there are some very severe states of depression that can lead the person who suffers them to self inflict some damage, or cause it unintentionally to those around them, that is why it is essential that those who manifest with a great depression be treated medically To avoid these possible situations.
So, to make a precise and clear distinction and not to confuse sadness with depression as is usually done, we must say that sadness is transient, once the reason that triggered it has passed, the person feels good again and enjoys life, while in depression this does not happen, and once it arrives, but is treated properly, it will persist causing serious consequences to the sufferer.