Definition of Volkswagen Beetle
Since its invention at the end of the nineteenth century, the automobile has become a means of locomotion that has changed the daily lives of millions of people. For some historians, this four-wheeled motor gadget symbolizes the current civilization . Some models have become true icons of an era.
A model with different nicknames
The Volkswagen Beetle is internationally known and in each territory has its own nickname: Fusca in Brazil, Vocho in Mexico, Beetle in the Anglo-Saxon world, Käfer in Germany, Coccinelle in France, Cockroach in some countries of Central America ...
The Ford T began manufacturing in 1908 and was the first utility designed for the middle classes. From this model each country wanted to create a vehicle for the popular classes. In France the Citroën 2CV appeared, in Great Britain the Mini of the British Motor Company, in Spain the Seat 600 and in Germany the Volkswagen beetle.
Adolf Hitler had a good idea
The history of this model began in 1933 in Germany. That year Adolf Hitler had an encounter with Ferdinand Porsche, an Austrian automotive engineer. The führer proposed a very specific idea: to design a vehicle with a price within the reach of the vast majority of Germans, of low consumption and reaching 100 km / h.
Ferdinand Porsche accepted the proposal, but during the first months he did not obtain any satisfactory results (Hitler had indicated that the final price was 1000 marks and the engineer could not adapt to the low budget).
The project looked like it was going to fail, but finally in 1938 the first Volkswagen Beetle prototype came out (it is worth noting that in German the word Volkswagen means precisely the town's car). At the beginning of World War II its manufacture was stopped and the technology dedicated to the project was oriented to the manufacture of military vehicles.
After the defeat of Hitler the British took control of the production of the new prototype and in 1946 the first ten thousand units were released. In 1949 the manufacture of the Volkswagen beetle ended up in German hands again.
At present it is an object of worship
This model was manufactured for 30 years and during this period there were hardly any relevant changes in its design .
Its four-cylinder engine regulated its temperature without using a radiator, had a very advanced aerodynamics for its time and its rear engine allowed more space inside the vehicle.
Fotolia Photos: Star / A. Fuhrmann / Sascha F.