The term sustainability refers to the balance between a species and the resources of the environment to which it belongs. Basically, sustainability, what it proposes is to meet the needs of the current generation but without this the future capacities of the following generations to meet their own needs are sacrificed, that is, something like the search for the right balance between these two issues
That is, the proposal of this concept is that a resource be exploited but that exploitation is used, it is carried out below the limits of its renewal. Because only in this way can the capacities of those who come behind us be satisfactorily preserved.
A typical and widespread case about this balance between species and use of resources that sustainability seeks and proposes is the one that looms around the wood coming from cutting down trees in forests.
As is known if a forest is cut down too much, there is a risk that it will disappear, but if this use or use of the raw material is carried out conscientiously and below a certain limit in which the extinction of this resource is never compromised, then , the question can be balanced, that is, there will still be forests and wood can also be used to build beautiful tables that will later brighten and decorate our surroundings.
But in addition to the case of the wood we exposed, there are other resources such as water, fertile soil and fishing that can be sustainable or cease to be if it is not met with that fair balance that we talked about above, because when If this limit is crossed, it will be very difficult to be able to resume and return to the previous conditions.
Sustainability can be studied and even managed through various levels of time and space and also in many contexts of economic, social and environmental organization. You can approach the issue either from a global perspective of the planet or crumble it, break it down into several parts such as economic sectors, municipalities, neighborhoods, countries, individual houses.
Meanwhile, whatever the angle or place from which it is approached, it is important to highlight that it is an extremely important issue to be addressed in the whole world since it depends on it that we leave our children, the generations to come livable, healthy world and in which natural resources abound and are not exhausted by the human irresponsibility of an unsupportive use.
The Earth Charter, sustainability regulation
The implementation of sustainable development proposes respect for certain ethical values and principles, while many of them have been contained in the document called The Earth Charter, which was timely developed with the collaboration of various people and organizations belonging to everyone, who contributed their visions to make a more sustainable world. Of course the United Nations Organization was key in its promotion and dissemination.
Also, this document of international scope is used by many organizations to teach about the subject and as a political influence.
When the ecosystem is healthy, it is possible to provide human beings and the organisms that inhabit it with goods and services that do not negatively impact the environment.
Meanwhile, to achieve this ideal scenario there are two major proposals, on the one hand the environmental management that draws on the information obtained from the earth sciences, environmental sciences, resource demand management and conservation biology; and on the other hand, the consumption management carried out by human beings, whose information will come from the economic sciences.