The cultivation and exploitation of forests or forests is known as forestry .
Also, the discipline that deals precisely with this type of crop is also called forestry .
Forestry as a science, turns out to be much newer than agriculture, being born scientifically at the end of the 17th century when in Germany the first school of environmental engineering took place and since its inception it has been in charge of those techniques more convenient to apply to the forest masses in order to obtain from them a constant and sustainable production of those goods and services that society demands .
These techniques are formally designated as silvicultural treatments , whose main function will be to ensure two basic issues such as: the persistence and improvement of the mass and its multiple use.
The Forester , as the professional who is responsible for carrying out the forestry activity is called, will implement different silvicultural treatments according to the use he wants to achieve, such as wood, firewood, fruits, environmental quality , among others.
As a consequence of its mission, forestry has always been concerned and also concerned with the conservation of the environment and nature, protecting river basins, maintaining pastures so that cattle feed and guaranteeing the public fruition of forests .
The production of the dough may be direct (timber and non-timber; immediate products and raw materials, such as firewood, cork, resin, wood, game, among others) or indirect (mediated products and are generated by the masses by the simple fact if there is, such as carbon fixation, biodiversity ).
Among its main activities are creating or conserving a forest , both practical and theoretical knowledge about how to regulate the establishment of a tree mass , its composition and development.
So, to do it in an effective and complete way, it draws on other disciplines such as geobotany (distribution of vegetables on the ground), climatology (studies the weather and weather), edaphology (deals with the composition and nature of the soil in relationship with plants), ecology (studies living beings, their environment, distribution, etc.) and dendrology (focuses on the study of woody plants such as shrubs and trees).