Definition of Free Verse
There is a period in the history of knowledge and culture that is key. We refer to the classical period that developed in Greece from the 5th century BC Its importance is so evident that its study is carried out in all the educational plans of the planet. At that historical moment, the genius of the Greeks boosted culture in all its manifestations: art, literature , philosophy , science ...
In each area of knowledge, thinkers like Plato and Aristotle put order and direction to wisdom. A systematization of each of the knowledge was launched. And literature was one of them. The different literary genres had to respect very specific rules. The eagerness to standardize affected poetry and, since then, the verses, rhymes and stanzas had to comply with the established rules. The possibility of breaking the rules or ignoring them was not contemplated.
Art in general and poetry in particular had its own rules and creative freedom had its limits. Over time, the human being was incorporating a greater interest in freedom, whether in politics , religion or in art itself. The impulse and the desire for freedom has the free verse as one of the most notable examples. The free verse is a poetic expression with no rules. In the free verse the law of everything goes. The poet creates his world without needing to count the number of syllables or verses, can combine words with rhyme or without and the number of verses (the stanzas) cease to be relevant. Your ability to create has no limits.
Free verse is one of the most widely used poetic approaches in current literature because it multiplies the ability to communicate new ideas and enhances creative options.
It was from the 11th century when the free verse began its true journey. At that time, the idea of tradition weakened and art began new paths, mainly through avant - garde movements (Dadaism, Futurism or Surrealism , to mention just a few of them). The free verse represented a true turn in the history of poetry, a way of expressing musicality without the rigid scores of the past.
The list of well-known poets who resort to free verse would be endless: Neruda, Lorca, Auster, Bukowski ... Each one of them creates his particular poetic reality; a world where the rules disappear and, despite this, there is still rhythm, truth and beauty. The true spirit of poetry.