By Geography we understand that science that is interested in the analysis of phenomena related to Earth, both from a natural and human point of view. That is why, for Geography, not only is everything that has to do with the surface, natural and territorial elements important, but also with the population that inhabits these territories and the adaptation to different types of spaces.
Coming from the Greek, the word Geography means "description of the Earth", and that is how this science will be concerned with describing and analyzing different aspects related to our planet. In order to carry out such an analysis, various approaches can be used that will vary the object of study or interest.
Among these approaches we can mention the physical geography (the one that is directly linked to natural phenomena such as climate , terrain, surface, atmosphere or relief among others), human or social geography (the one that studies the human being inserted in the natural world, as well as its adaptation and alteration of it), ecological geography (responsible for analyzing how natural spaces are related to man). There is also the landscape geography (which seeks to understand the different landscapes), in addition to the regional geography that is interested in a synthetic and specific study of geographical realities in particular sites.
Geography is the study of the Earth, its landforms, characteristics and inhabitants
With the advancement of technology and geo locators available to everyone, less and less people are interested in their study, the truth is that this science studies in detail what happens on the planet with respect to its climatic, orographic and different conditions natural phenomena It includes the spatial analysis of human and natural phenomena, the exploration of earth sciences, and the study of the relationship between nature and human life. It also analyzes the social, economic and environmental processes that affect the environment. Don't you think it's important to know about it in depth?
It has a broad relationship with people's lifestyle
The geographical conditions of a region affect the lifestyle of its inhabitants and influence its day to day. They have a profound impact on social norms, culture, art forms, literature , eating habits, and the celebrations and traditions of people living in a particular place. The study of Geography allows us to understand the distribution of the population in the world and the differences in their ways of life.
This field of study encompasses the understanding and location of different territories and countries, as well as the organization of land mass and water body across the planet. Maps, an important part of the study of this branch of knowledge, help us to locate places in the world, allowing us to form a mental image of distances or to know the extent of the territory, whether in size, height or depth. All of the above contributes to improving our navigation skills, benefiting from mobility and trade between nations, in addition to many other things.
Study the natural resources
Climatic conditions affect the lives of people, animals and plants that grow in a region. The available resources of each place are highly influenced by its location and the geographical conditions that prevail there. Why is there oil from Saudi Arabia? Why are China and India the largest rice producers? Why do camels live in African lands and polar bears in the Arctic? The answer is in the geographical conditions of each particular place.
It is widely related to Geology
Geological features such as terrain forms and altitudes, among many other things, vary at different points on the globe. This field is closely linked to geography and teaches us what kind of natural disasters a region is prone to, allowing us to take the necessary preventive measures. It is of great help to man in planning the construction of dams and electricity projects, as well as in planning the development of business and commerce.
It helps us appreciate life
The study of Geography invites us to appreciate the diversity of all life forms. Thanks to her we can understand how nature influences human beings and how we influence nature. It gives us a greater understanding of how cultures have been taking shape over time, and how civilizations were born. In addition, it is a very useful tool to value the Earth as the home of humanity and support us in making sound decisions, in relation to how the planet's resources should be used sustainably.
To carry out its work, geography must have different resources that allow it to obtain results without necessarily being in place. In this sense, cartography and maps have always been one of the main elements of geographical work. At the same time, and since the last decades, geography has been able to count on the help of satellite devices that give a very complete image of the Earth at a distance. In addition, he also completes his analysis through the study of hydrology, geology, anthropology , sociology and other sciences that are essential to understand the phenomena that happen on the planet.