Definition of anarchocapitalism
It proposes an extreme flow of free market, completely eliminating the role of the state, delivering absolute management responsibility to the private sector in areas as sensitive as health or safety , which to some extent occurs in countries such as the United States, Spain, Mexico, Brazil or Chile, from the precariousness of the services provided by the government on duty.
The state is the enemy
Supporters of this economic doctrine, also known as libertarian capitalists, share an idea with classical anarchists: the rejection of any coercive power structure. The aversion to power is reflected in both doctrines in a critique of the state.
From the anarchocapitalist postulates the management of public goods by the state is a brake on business creativity . Likewise, they reject any form of statism because public institutions act as a barrier against the freedom of individuals and because the natural tendency of the state generates corruption.
They believe that both the morality of society and economic efficiency would improve significantly if the state ceases to exist.
According to classical liberal doctrine, individual freedom is a moral value that must be preserved above all and, therefore, governments would have to act in such a way that they did not interfere with the full development of freedom (a government should only act to avoid the damage of some individuals over others). Against socialist doctrines, liberalism advocates for individualism and the protection of private property, which is why collectivist proposals or any interventionist strategy by the state are rejected.
For the anarchocapitalists, the liberal principles are valid but at the same time insufficient, since they presuppose a certain intervention of the state and the existence of a bureaucratic apparatus that inevitably ends up conditioning the individual initiative. In short, supporters of this doctrine are radicalized liberals.
The privatization of public services
In most nations there is a balance between public and private. In this way, the state is responsible for maintaining public services for all citizens and, in parallel, companies provide other services and products in a free market context.
In the anarcho-capitalist model there would be no such balance and all public services would be privatized (the courts of justice, the army, the police, the road system or the fire department would also be part of the privatizations).
In the capitalist libertarian model there would be no taxes and citizens would have to reach agreements to meet their needs. In short, in an anarcho-capitalist society, the free market would be the general frame of reference and individuals would organize themselves based on their particular interests in a totally voluntary way.
Fotolia Photo: Weedezign