Definition of Vatican
Known as one of the most particular places in Europe, and perhaps also on the planet, the Vatican is a city-state that governs itself and is located in the Italian city of Rome. It could be said that the Vatican territory is an enclave within the city where the Roman Apostolic Catholic Church was officially institutionalized.
European microstate located in the city of Rome and where the Roman Apostolic Catholic Church is officially established
The Vatican is part of the group of European microstates, since it is a sovereign state that has a very small population and is made up of a very small territory. In the particular case of the Vatican, it is the smallest in Europe.
Small territory that becomes autonomous in 1929 and in which the highest authority is the Pope
The Vatican has an area of less than half a square kilometer since its territory is simply the Basilica and St. Peter's Square plus some other surrounding spaces. Its population does not exceed nine hundred and fifty inhabitants, most of them members of the Church.
The Vatican achieved its independence to become an autonomous state in 1929 and currently its form of government is the elective theocracy , while the highest authority for this city is the pontiff or pope, chosen through the guidelines properly established between a council of superiors. This charge is for life, that is, that the maximum pontiff is only replaced at death.
Visited by thousands of Christian tourists and those eager to contemplate their impressive architectural and pictorial works
Unlike other states, the Vatican does not have productive activities on which to sustain its economy . However, due to the large tourist influx it receives throughout the year, the Vatican has a comfortable and fruitful economy, to which the income that the Catholic Church receives throughout the world is added.
The Vatican is visited day by day by millions of people who seek to know one of the most important places for the Catholic religion. Although this is not the place where it began, it was the place where it became official and then become a universal religion and to be spread across the planet more effectively. The presence of the Vatican in the city of Rome dates from the times in which the Roman Empire still existed.
The fantastic tourist influx that the Vatican receives every day of the year is of course linked to religion, thousands of Christians who come to pray and be close to the Pope, but there are also thousands of tourists who visit the country to appreciate the phenomenal works architectural components that date back hundreds of years.
Pope Francis, the highest authority today of the Vatican
In March 2013, when the traditional conclave was held in which the Cardinal College has the mission of electing the Pope, Argentine Cardinal Jorge Bergoglio was elected as the new sovereign of the Vatican, who was renamed Pope Francis.
Francisco's arrival in the Vatican came as a result of the resignation of his predecessor, Benedict XVI, who presented the resignation of the post.
Since taking office and beginning to show signs and signs of the humility and Christian commitment that characterize him, Francisco, has become one of the most popular and admired personalities in the world.
His simple gestures have been celebrated by the Christian religious community and also by all those who do not profess the Catholic faith.
Behind the maximum papal authority appears the figure of the Secretary of State, who turns out to be the closest collaborator of the Pope in the exercise of his power.
He is in charge of performing political and diplomatic functions in the Vatican and is the head of the Secretary of State of the Holy See which is divided into two sections, the General Affairs Section, which is responsible for internal affairs, and the Section for Relations with States that deals with foreign relations with other countries. He currently serves as Pietro Parolin, elected by Francisco himself after his assumption.