Definition of Journalism
Professional activity that deals with reporting on current events that interest a large number of people
The process begins with the collection of information, followed by classification and elaboration , to finally be disseminated through the various mass media , radio, television, written press, and since the last years we cannot avoid the tremendous Internet participation , especially in the dissemination of current news.
The information always has as its main characteristic to be current and renewed moment by moment, so the name of the activity comes precisely from that quality of constant renewal.
Journalism is nowadays one of the most important elements of the media since it is journalists who investigate, publish and comment on different facts that have to do with economic, political, cultural or sporting phenomena.
An activity always present that aggiornó to diverse times and to the technological evolution
It is considered that, as such, journalism has always existed in human societies since man always had the need to transmit important information and keep abreast of various events or events.
While in Modernity journalism began to gain importance through the printing and publication of brief gazettes, and it would not be until the nineteenth century, and especially until the twentieth century, that journalism would not become one of the central parts of all society thanks to the enormous diffusion that mass media such as newspapers, radio or television achieved in a timely manner.
The fourth power: independence and objectivity
We cannot ignore that journalism fulfills a relevant social role, a fact that led it to be considered the fourth power.
Now, in the name of this impressive power attributed to it and that makes it capable of directly influencing what society thinks, it is necessary and fundamental that journalism report on current events in an objective way.
Another substantial issue inherent in the exercise of journalism is the independence with which journalism acts. To guarantee it, it is essential that the media maintain and enforce their informative autonomy in the face of any pressure exerted by another area of power, such as politics , business, among others.
Too many cases of reality show us that when there is no informative independence the facts of public interest can be manipulated and the direct consequence will be the disinformation of the public.
Meanwhile, who exercises the professional activity of journalism is called a journalist.
A profession committed to the truth
The work of a journalist can be very broad. There are a diverse number of topics and areas in which the journalist can focus his professional activity: sports, politics, economics , shows, music , society, police, research , among others.
Precisely investigative journalism has been one of the fastest growing in recent decades as a direct consequence of the interest that arouses in the public the possibility of knowing hidden, secret or silenced stories by power.
On the other hand, the journalist must know how to raise a story, how to find the appropriate information to do so and also know how to distinguish reliable sources from those that are not.
Also, the information must be verified, checked, able to answer the questions of: what ?, how ?, when ?, where? And because?
And the sources that provide the information must be reliable. A news could not be based solely on the rumor.
In addition, a good journalist must find the most accessible and attractive way of communicating the information collected, so that it reaches as many people as possible. The use of correct but accessible and informal >
Some of the elements that make the facts taken into account by journalists to be published are their relevance, to whom they affect or who are involved, the actuality of the same, the proximity or closeness of the public with these events , etc.
For example, an event that involves a public personality , especially if the motive is a scandal or a controversy, has a strict chance of becoming a great news story. The media and journalists know this and, for that matter, good professionals will never dismiss an event of this nature.